Bosnia-Herzegovina profile

A chronology of key events:


1908 – Bosnia-Herzegovina, nominally part associated with the Ottoman Empire, is annexed by Austria-Hungary.

1914 – A Bosnian Serb pupil, Gavrilo Princip, assassinates archduke that is austrian Ferdinand in Sarajevo, precipitating World War One.

1918 – Austria-Hungary collapses at the conclusion regarding the war. Bosnia-Herzegovina becomes part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

1941 – Bosnia-Herzegovina annexed by pro-Hitler puppet declare that is croatian. Thousands of Serbs, Jews and Gypsies are delivered to the death camps.

1945 – Bosnia-Herzegovina liberated campaign that is following partisans under Tito.

1945-1991- Bosnia is part of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

1991 – Following communism’s collapse, separatists win very first multi-party elections and type coalition government despite having conflicting goals.

War on many fronts

1992 – Croat and nationalists that are muslim tactical alliance and outvote Serbs at independency referendum.

War breaks out and Serbs quickly assume control of over half the republic. Killings and deportations are rampant in the Serb that is newly-proclaimed Republic but also widespread in Muslim and Croat-controlled areas.

1995 – secure haven of Srebrenica is inundated by Bosnian Serb forces under General Ratko Mladic, who massacre over 8,000 Muslims.

1995 December – Dayton Peace Accord creates two entities, one for Serbs and one for Bosnian Muslims and Croats. The Office of the High Representative is intended to oversee its implementation. An peacekeeping that is international is implemented.

After Dayton

1996 – The Global Criminal Tribunal for the Yugoslavia that is former starts in the Hague.

2000 – Moderate parties do well in elections in the Muslim-Croat entity, nationalists gain the hand that is upper the Serb entity. Results force serb that is main party to form a coalition headed by moderate Prime Minister Mladen Ivanic.

Krstic sentenced

2001 August – Hague war crimes tribunal finds Serb that is bosnian Gen Krstic accountable of genocide for his part in the massacre of several thousand men and boys in Srebrenica. Krstic sentenced to 46 years.

2002 May – UK politician Paddy Ashdown becomes High Representative.

2002 October – Nationalists win back power in federation presidential, parliamentary and elections that are neighborhood.

EU peacekeepers take over

2004 December – Nato hands over peacekeeping duties to a european force that is union-led Eufor.

2006 December – Bosnia joins Nato’s Partnership for Peace pre-membership programme.

2007 February – The International Court of Justice rules that the 1995 Srebrenica massacre constituted genocide, but clears Serbia of direct obligation.

Karadzic and Mladic arrested

2008 July – former Serb that is bosnian leader Karadzic arrested on war crimes charges in Belgrade after nearly 13 years on the run.

2011 May – Serbian authorities arrest former Bosnian Serb chief that is military Mladic, one of the planet’s most wanted war crimes suspects.

2011 December – Bosnia’s Muslim, Croat and Serb governmental leaders reach agreement on formation of new central government, bringing to a finish 14 months of deadlock since 2010 election that is general.

2013 May – A UN tribunal finds six Bosnian that is former Croat guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity during the 1990s Balkan wars.

2014 May – Extensive flooding renders 25 % associated with populace without clean drinking water as 500,000 individuals are evacuated from their homes.

Steps towards EU membership

2015 March – European Union and Bosnia sign Stabilisation and Association Agreement, raising risk of Bosnia joining Union. Bosnia formally is applicable for account in 2016.

2016 March – UN tribunal in The Hague finds former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic guilty of genocide and war crimes – including genocide within the 1995 Srebrenica massacre – and sentences him to 40 years in prison.

2017 November – Former Bosnian Serb commander that is military Mladic is available accountable of genocide and crimes against humanity during the Bosnian War. He is sentenced to life imprisonment.

2018 October – Veteran nationalist Milorad Dodik wins Serbian chair on three-member presidency that is federal. He’s got proposed that the Serb Republic should secede.

2021 July – High Representative Valentin Inzko imposes a law prohibiting denial that is genocide the 1995 Srebrenica genocide in particular, and denial of crimes against humanity and war crimes more broadly. The law draws opposition that is strong Serb nationalist leaders in Republika Srpska (RS).

2021 October – Serb nationalist leader Milorad Dodik announces the RS will withdraw from Bosnia’s military, its judiciary that is top body taxation administration, prompting renewed fears of a secession crisis.

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