Croatia country profile
Croatia’s statement of self-reliance in 1991 had been followed by four many years of war therefore the part that is best of a ten years of authoritarian nationalism under President Franjo Tudjman.
By very early 2003 it had made progress that is enough shaking from the legacy of the years to apply for EU account, becoming the 2nd previous Yugoslav republic after Slovenia to do this.
Following protracted accession speaks, Croatia joined the user that is 28th associated with EU on 1 July 2013.
- Capital: Zagreb
- Area: 56,594 sq kilometer
- Population: 3.8 million
- Language: Croatian
- Life expectancy: 74 years (men) 80 years (ladies)
President: Zoran Milanovic
Previous minister that is prime Milanovic became president after beating the incumbent Kolinda Grabar-Kiratovic into the second round of voting within the presidential elections in January 2020.
The role of president is basically ceremonial. The president proposes the minister that is prime it is for parliament to approve the nomination.
Prime Minister: Andrej Plenkovic
Andrej Plenkovic, head of the conservative that is main Democratic Union (HDZ) celebration, became prime minister in October 2016 and had been re-elected in July 2020. The main priority of Mr Plenkovic’s government is to tackle a economy that is struggling. As part of this, he has overseen Croatia’s adoption of the euro as its money, which occurs on 1 2023 january.
Croatia’s media enjoy a level that is most of. Croatian Radio-TV, HRT, is the state-owned broadcaster that is public is financed by advertising and a licence fee.
Public TV is still the main supply of news and information, but HRT is losing market share and privately-owned Nova television is currently the station that is top.
National commercial networks and a large number of personal TV that is local compete for audiences. The satellite and cable market is well developed.
There are three nationwide radio that is public, four national commercial channels, regional general public radios and more than 130 local and local radios.
Into the paper sector, there are six nationwide and four dailies that are local. Austrian and concerns that are german big stakes into the print media.
Some times being key Croatia’s history:
1918 – croatian assembly that is nationwide to join the latest Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes on the dissolution associated with Austro-Hungarian Empire.
1929 – The Kingdom is renamed Yugoslavia, therefore the system of federal government is further centralised under a dictatorship that is royal.
1939 – The Croatian Peasant Party negotiates a restoration that is partial of autonomy.
1941 – Nazi Germany invades. A “Greater Croatia” is created, also comprising most of Bosnia and western Serbia. A puppet that is fascist is set up under Ante Pavelic.
1945 – After a resistance that is bitter by Communist partisans under Josep Broz Tito, Croatia becomes one of the six constituent republics of this Yugoslav socialist federation headed by Tito as prime minister.
1980 – Tito dies. The disintegration that is sluggish of begins as specific republics assert their wish to have independence.
1990 – First free elections in Croatia for over 50 years. The communists lose to your conservative, nationalist HDZ led by Franjo Tudjman.
1991 – Croatia declares its independence. Croatian Serbs into the eastern for the national country expel Croats using the aid of the Yugoslav military. Nearly one-third of Croatian territory comes under Serb control.
1992 – Croatia also becomes active in the pugilative war in Bosnia-Herzegovina (1992-5) giving support to the Bosnian Croats contrary to the Bosnian Serbs, then against the Bosniaks (Muslims). Franjo Tudjman is elected president of Croatia.
1995 – President Tudjman is one of the signatories of the Dayton comfort accords ending the pugilative war in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
1996 – Croatia restores relations which can be diplomatic Yugoslavia. Croatia joins Council of European Countries.
2001 – The Hague tribunal indicts Yugoslav that is former President Milosevic for war crimes and crimes against mankind into the war in Croatia into the early 1990s.
2004 – Wartime Croatian Serb leader Milan Babic jailed for by Hague tribunal for his component in war crimes against non-Serbs in self-proclaimed Krajina Serb republic where he had been frontrunner into the early 1990s.
2009 – Croatia joins Nato.
2010 – Visit of President Josipovic to Belgrade signals thawing of relations with Serbia.
2013 – Croatia takes its destination as the member that is 28th of EU.
2020 July – Andrej Plenkovic wins term that is 2nd prime minister.